Volume 5, Issue 4, July 2020, Page: 133-141
Review on Production and Marketing of Wheat in Ethiopia
Chernet Worku, Department of Agribusiness and Value Chain Management, Debre Markos University, Debre Markos, Ethiopia
Mamaru Abebe, Department of Agribusiness and Value Chain Management, Debre Markos University, Debre Markos, Ethiopia
Received: Mar. 22, 2020;       Accepted: Apr. 30, 2020;       Published: Aug. 13, 2020
DOI: 10.11648/j.ijae.20200504.16      View  138      Downloads  81
Abstract
Among the most important crops grown in Ethiopia wheat is one, both as a source of food and income generating venture for farmers in the country. Wheat and wheat products represent 14% of the total caloric intake in Ethiopia. Wheat is a cereal crop, which is produced in most parts of Ethiopia. Ethiopia is the second next to Egypt in Africa in wheat production which is 4.54 million tons. This study was aimed at reviewing wheat production and marketing in Ethiopia, with specific objectives of reviewing the wheat Production, supply and its Constraints in Ethiopia, major Marketing actors and function of wheat in Ethiopia, marketing structure, conduct and performance of wheat in Ethiopia as well as constraints and opportunities of wheat marketing in Ethiopia. The data were collected from secondary sources mainly from FAOSTAT, CSA and different published materials on wheat market chain in Ethiopia. The general idea of the review shows that Ethiopia has potential for wheat production but the two sides of agricultural constraints are production and marketing from the producer side faced with Rain failure, higher fertilizer price and delayed delivery, Soil erosion, Labor shortage, Lack of credit access, Lack of Draft power and Prevalence of crop diseases. On marketing side, lack of market information providing institutions, higher input price, multiple taxes, chemical herbicides adulteration, absence of road service, poor product quality and high cost of input, weak market linkages among market. In wheat marketing, the major actors identified during the review were; producers, farmer traders, urban assemblers, wholesalers, retailers, processors (millers, flour mill), consumers and commission agent. The market actors involved in different activities (wholesaling, retailing, assembly). Therefore, the government and other concerned bodies should focus on increasing production and productivity of wheat which in turn focused for establishing well wheat market development for mutual benefits of all actors.
Keywords
Wheat, Production, Marketing, Marketing Actors, Ethiopia
To cite this article
Chernet Worku, Mamaru Abebe, Review on Production and Marketing of Wheat in Ethiopia, International Journal of Agricultural Economics. Special Issue: Agribusiness and Value Chain Management. Vol. 5, No. 4, 2020, pp. 133-141. doi: 10.11648/j.ijae.20200504.16
Copyright
Copyright © 2020 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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